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A List of the Nearest Stars Edit

This is a list of stars that lie within 20 light years as known in the year 2006. Where possible data for this list is from the Hipparcos Catalogue and the 3rd Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars with some extra information from elsewhere. Except for the closest and the brightest stars there is no real agreement on what to call these stars, but I have tried to pick fairly common names. I have provided a lot of other catalogue numbers for all these stars. Many professional astronomers prefer to use Gliese Catalogue numbers for the nearest stars.

Stars within 20 lys (6.13 parsecs) (109 stars and 8 brown dwarfs)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Common Name # ASC DEC LONG LAT CLASS AppMag AbsMag Parallax ErrorDistance Seperation
Proxima Centauri C 14 29.7 -62 41 313.9 -1.9 M5.5 11.01 15.45 772.33 2.42 4.22 AC:14000 AU
Alpha Centauri A 14 39.7 -60 50 315.8 -0.7 G2 -0.01 4.34 742.12 1.40 4.40
Alpha Centauri B 14 39.7 -60 50 315.8 -0.7 K0 1.35 5.70 742.12 1.40 4.40 AB:24 AU
Barnard's Star 17 57.8 +04 42 31.0 +14.1 M5 9.54 13.24 549.01 1.58 5.94
Wolf 359 10 56.5 +07 01 244.1 +56.1 M6 13.45 16.56 418.3 2.5 7.80
Lalande 21185 11 03.3 +35 58 185.1 +65.4 M2 7.49 10.46 392.40 0.91 8.31
Sirius A 06 45.1 -16 43 227.2 -8.9 A1 -1.44 1.45 379.21 1.58 8.60
Sirius B 06 45.1 -16 43 227.2 -8.9 DA2 8.44 11.33 379.21 1.58 8.60 AB:20 AU
L 726-8 A 01 39.0 -17 57 175.5 -75.7 M5.5 12.41 15.27 373.7 2.7 8.73
L 726-8 B 01 39.0 -17 57 175.5 -75.7 M5.5 13.25 16.11 373.7 2.7 8.73 AB:15 AU
Ross 154 18 49.8 -23 50 11.3 -10.3 M4.5 10.37 13.00 336.48 1.82 9.69
Ross 248 23 41.9 +44 11 110.0 -16.9 M6 12.29 14.79 315.6 1.6 10.33
Epsilon Eridani 03 32.9 -09 28 195.9 -48.1 K2 3.72 6.18 310.75 0.85 10.50
Lacaille 9352 23 05.9 -35 51 5.1 -66.0 M2 7.35 9.76 303.90 0.87 10.73
Ross 128 11 47.7 +00 48 270.2 +59.6 M4.5 11.12 13.50 299.58 2.20 10.89
L 789-6 A 22 38.6 -15 18 47.1 -57.0 M5.5 13.3 15.6 294.3 3.5 11.08
L 789-6 B 22 38.6 -15 18 47.1 -57.0 M5 13.3 15.6 294.3 3.5 11.08 AB:1.2 AU
L 789-6 C 22 38.6 -15 18 47.1 -57.0 M7 14.0 16.3 294.3 3.5 11.08 AC:0.029 AU
Procyon A 07 39.3 +05 14 213.7 +13.0 F5 0.40 2.68 285.93 0.88 11.41
Procyon B 07 39.3 +05 14 213.7 +13.0 DA 10.7 13.0 285.93 0.88 11.41 AB:16 AU
61 Cygni A 21 06.9 +38 45 82.3 -5.8 K5 5.20 7.49 285.74 0.65 11.41
61 Cygni B 21 06.9 +38 45 82.3 -5.8 K7 6.05 8.33 285.74 0.65 11.41 AB:86 AU
Struve 2398 A 18 42.8 +59 38 89.3 +24.2 M4 8.94 11.18 281.15 2.29 11.60
Struve 2398 B 18 42.8 +59 38 89.3 +24.2 M5 9.70 11.97 281.15 2.29 11.60 AB:49 AU
Groombridge 34 A 00 18.4 +44 01 116.7 -18.5 M2 8.09 10.33 280.27 1.05 11.64
Groombridge 34 B 00 18.4 +44 01 116.7 -18.5 M6 11.06 13.30 280.27 1.05 11.64 AB:150 AU
G51-15 08 29.8 +26 47 197.0 +32.4 M6.5 14.81 17.01 275.8 3.0 11.83
Epsilon Indi A 22 03.4 -56 47 336.2 -48.1 K4 4.69 6.89 275.76 0.69 11.83
Epsilon Indi B 22 04.2 -56 47 336.1 -48.2 T1 - - 275.76 0.69 11.83 AB:1500 AU
Epsilon Indi C 22 04.2 -56 47 336.1 -48.2 T6 - - 275.76 0.69 11.83 BC:2.7 AU
Tau Ceti 01 44.1 -15 56 173.1 -73.4 G8 3.49 5.68 274.17 0.80 11.90
L 372-58 03 36.0 -44 31 251.9 -52.9 M5.5 13.01 15.17 270.4 5.2 12.06
L 725-32 01 12.5 -17 00 149.7 -78.8 M5 12.10 14.25 269.05 7.57 12.12
Luyten's Star 07 27.4 +05 14 212.3 +10.4 M3.5 9.84 11.94 263.26 1.43 12.39
SO 0253+1652 02 53.0 +16 53 160.3 -37.0 M6.5 15.4 17.5 259 4 12.59
Kapteyn's Star 05 11.7 -45 01 250.5 -36.0 M1 8.86 10.89 255.26 0.86 12.78
SCR 1845-6357 A 18 45.0 -63 58 331.5 -23.5 M8.5 17.39 19.41 253.94 2.49 12.84
SCR 1845-6357 B 18 45.0 -63 58 331.5 -23.5 T5.5 - - 253.94 2.49 12.84 AB:4.5 AU
Lacaille 8760 21 17.3 -38 52 3.9 -44.3 M0 6.69 8.71 253.37 1.13 12.87
Kruger 60 A 22 28.0 +57 42 104.7 0.0 M3 9.85 11.85 249.52 3.03 13.07
Kruger 60 B 22 28.0 +57 42 104.7 0.0 M6 11.3 13.3 249.52 3.03 13.07 AB:9.7 AU
DENIS 1048-39 10 48.2 -39 56 278.7 +17.1 M9 17.39 19.36 247.71 1.55 13.17
Ross 614 A 06 29.4 -02 49 212.9 -6.2 M4.5 11.12 13.05 242.89 2.64 13.43
Ross 614 B 06 29.4 -02 49 212.9 -6.2 M7 14.6 16.5 242.89 2.64 13.43 AB:3.8 AU
Wolf 1061 16 30.3 -12 40 3.4 +23.7 M3.5 10.10 11.95 234.51 1.82 13.91
Wolf 424 A 12 33.3 +09 01 288.8 +71.4 M5.5 13.04 14.87 232.2 4.3 14.05
Wolf 424 B 12 33.3 +09 01 288.8 +71.4 M7 13.3 15.1 232.2 4.3 14.05 AB:3.3 AU
CD-37 15492 00 05.4 -37 21 343.6 -75.9 M4 8.56 10.36 229.33 1.08 14.22
van Maanen's Star 00 49.2 +05 23 121.9 -57.5 DZ7 12.37 14.15 226.95 5.35 14.37
L 1159-16 02 00.2 +13 03 147.7 -46.5 M8 12.28 14.03 223.8 2.9 14.57
L 143-23 10 44.5 -61 12 288.3 -2.0 M5.5 13.92 15.66 222.8 13.6 14.6
LP 731-58 10 48.2 -11 20 261.0 +41.3 M6.5 15.60 17.32 221.0 3.6 14.76
BD+68 946 17 36.4 +68 20 98.6 +32.0 M3.5 9.15 10.87 220.85 0.92 14.77
CD-46 11540 17 28.7 -46 54 343.0 -6.8 M3 9.38 11.10 220.43 1.63 14.80
L 145-141 11 45.7 -64 50 296.0 -2.8 DQ6 11.50 13.18 216.40 2.11 15.07
G158-27 00 06.7 -07 32 92.5 -67.7 M5.5 13.75 15.39 212.8 3.3 15.33
Ross 780 22 53.3 -14 16 52.0 -59.6 M5 10.16 11.80 212.69 2.10 15.34
G208-44 A 19 53.9 +44 25 78.9 +8.5 M5.5 13.41 15.04 212.0 4.3 15.39
G208-44 B 19 53.9 +44 25 78.9 +8.5 M6 14.01 15.64 212.0 4.3 15.39 AB:35 AU
G208-44 C 19 53.9 +44 25 78.9 +8.5 M8 16.66 18.29 212.0 4.3 15.39 AC:1.3 AU
Lalande 21258 A 11 05.5 +43 32 168.5 +63.1 M2 8.82 10.40 206.94 1.19 15.76
Lalande 21258 B 11 05.5 +43 31 168.5 +63.1 M6 14.40 15.78 206.94 1.19 15.76 AB:130 AU
Groombridge 1618 10 11.4 +49 27 165.9 +52.2 K7 6.60 8.16 205.22 0.81 15.89
DENIS 0255-47 02 55.1 -47 01 260.6 -58.7 L8 - - 204 13 16.0
BD+20 2465 10 19.6 +19 52 216.5 +54.6 M4.5 9.40 10.95 203.9 2.8 16.00
L 354-89 21 33.6 -49 01 349.2 -46.4 M1 8.66 10.19 202.53 1.33 16.10
LP 944-20 03 39.6 -35 26 236.7 -53.4 M9 18.5 20.0 201.4 4.3 16.19
CD-44 11909 17 37.1 -44 19 346.0 -6.6 M3.5 10.94 12.43 198.32 2.43 16.45
Omicron² Eridani A 04 15.3 -07 39 200.8 -38.0 K1 4.43 5.92 198.24 0.84 16.45
Omicron² Eridani B 04 15.4 -07 40 200.8 -38.0 DA4 9.52 11.01 198.24 0.84 16.45 AB:420 AU
Omicron² Eridani C 04 15.4 -07 40 200.8 -38.0 M4.5 11.17 12.66 198.24 0.84 16.45 BC:35 AU
BD+43 4305 22 46.8 +44 20 100.6 -13.1 M4.5 10.29 11.77 198.07 2.05 16.47
70 Ophiuchi A 18 05.5 +02 30 29.9 +11.3 K0 4.03 5.50 196.62 1.38 16.59
70 Ophiuchi B 18 05.5 +02 30 29.9 +11.3 K5 6.00 7.47 196.62 1.38 16.59 AB:23 AU
Altair 19 50.8 +08 52 47.8 -8.9 A7 0.76 2.20 194.44 0.94 16.77
G9-38 A 08 58.2 +19 46 207.5 +36.5 M5.5 14.06 15.47 191.3 2.5 17.05
G9-38 B 08 58.2 +19 46 207.5 +36.5 M5.5 14.92 16.33 191.3 2.5 17.05 AB:24 AU
L 722-22 A 00 15.5 -16 08 84.0 -76.2 M4 12.03 13.41 188.7 8.4 17.3
L 722-22 B 00 15.5 -16 08 84.0 -76.2 M6 14.3 15.7 188.7 8.4 17.3 AB:0.74 AU
G99-49 06 00.1 +02 42 204.6 -10.1 M4 11.33 12.68 186.3 6.2 17.51
G254-29 11 47.7 +78 41 126.8 +38.0 M4 10.80 12.14 185.48 1.43 17.59
Lalande 25372 13 45.7 +14 53 351.6 +72.4 M4 8.46 9.79 184.13 1.27 17.71
LP 656-38 05 02.0 -06 57 206.4 -27.5 M3.5 12.15 13.46 182.70 3.30 17.85
LP 816-60 20 52.7 -16 58 30.2 -34.3 M5 11.41 12.71 182.15 3.68 17.91
Stein 2051 A 04 31.2 +58 59 148.1 +7.3 M4 11.08 12.37 181.36 3.67 17.98
Stein 2051 B 04 31.2 +58 59 148.1 +7.3 DC5 12.44 13.73 181.36 3.67 17.98 AB:39 AU
Wolf 294 06 54.8 +33 16 182.9 +15.1 M4 9.89 11.18 181.32 1.87 17.99
2MASS 1835+32 18 35.6 +33 00 61.7 +17.4 M8.5 18.27 19.50 176.50 0.50 18.48
Wolf 1453 05 31.5 -03 41 207.0 -19.4 M1.5 7.97 9.19 175.72 1.20 18.56
2MASS 0415-09 04 15.3 -09 35 202.9 -38.9 T8.5 - - 174.34 2.76 18.71
Sigma Draconis 19 32.4 +69 40 101.3 +21.9 K0 4.67 5.87 173.41 0.46 18.81
L 668-21 A 06 10.6 -21 52 228.6 -18.4 M1 8.15 9.34 173.19 1.12 18.83
L 668-21 B 06 10.6 -21 52 228.6 -18.4 T6 - - 173.19 1.12 18.83 AB:46 AU
Ross 47 05 42.2 +12 29 193.7 -9.2 M4 11.56 12.75 172.78 3.88 18.88
L 205-128 17 46.6 -57 19 335.3 -14.5 M3.5 10.75 11.93 172.08 2.22 18.95
Wolf 1055 A 19 16.9 +05 10 40.4 -3.3 M3.5 9.12 10.28 170.26 1.37 19.16
Wolf 1055 B 19 17.0 +05 09 40.4 -3.3 M8 17.52 18.68 170.26 1.37 19.16 AB:430 AU
L 674-15 08 12.7 -21 33 241.5 +6.9 M4 12.1 13.3 170.0 10.2 19.2
Lalande 27173 A 14 57.5 -21 25 338.3 +32.7 K5 5.75 6.89 169.32 1.67 19.26
Lalande 27173 B 14 57.5 -21 25 338.3 +32.7 M1 8.07 9.21 169.32 1.67 19.26 AB:130 AU
Lalande 27173 C 14 57.5 -21 25 338.3 +32.7 M3 10.5 11.6 169.32 1.67 19.26 BC:0.84 AU
Lalande 27173 D 14 57.3 -21 22 338.2 +32.7 T8 - - 169.32 1.67 19.26 AD:1500 AU
L 347-14 19 20.8 -45 33 352.4 -23.9 M4.5 12.23 13.37 169.03 1.55 19.30
Ross 882 07 44.7 +03 33 215.9 +13.5 M4.5 11.19 12.32 168.59 2.67 19.35
CD-40 9712 15 32.2 -41 17 332.7 +12.1 M3 9.31 10.44 168.52 1.42 19.35
Eta Cassiopeiae A 00 49.1 +57 49 122.6 -5.1 G0 3.46 4.59 167.99 0.62 19.42
Eta Cassiopeiae B 00 49.1 +57 49 122.6 -5.1 K7 7.51 8.64 167.99 0.62 19.42 AB:71 AU
Lalande 46650 23 49.2 +02 24 93.6 -56.9 M2 8.98 10.10 167.51 1.49 19.47
36 Ophiuchi A 17 15.4 -26 36 358.3 +6.9 K1 5.07 6.18 167.08 1.07 19.52
36 Ophiuchi B 17 15.4 -26 36 358.3 +6.9 K1 5.11 6.23 167.08 1.07 19.52 AB:83 AU
36 Ophiuchi C 17 16.2 -26 33 358.4 +6.7 K5 6.33 7.45 167.56 1.06 19.47 AC:4400 AU
CD-36 13940 A 20 11.2 -36 06 5.2 -30.9 K3 5.32 6.41 165.24 0.90 19.74
CD-36 13940 B 20 11.2 -36 06 5.2 -30.9 M3.5 11.5 12.6 165.24 0.90 19.74 AB:42 AU
82 Eridani 03 19.9 -43 04 250.7 -56.1 G5 4.26 5.35 165.02 0.55 19.77
Delta Pavonis 20 08.7 -66 11 329.8 -32.4 G5 3.55 4.62 163.73 0.65 19.92
Wolf 1481 14 34.3 -12 31 338.4 +43.1 M3 11.32 12.39 163.51 2.77 19.95

Key To Table Edit

  • Column 1: A common name for the star.
  • Column 2: Letter denoting a member of a multiple system.
  • Column 3: The Right Ascension in hours and minutes for epoch 2000.
  • Column 4: The Declination in degrees and minutes for epoch 2000.
  • Column 5: Galactic longitude.
  • Column 6: Galactic latitude.
  • Column 7: The spectral classification of the star.
  • Column 8: Apparent magnitude.
  • Column 9: Absolute magnitude.
  • Column 10: Parallax in milli-arcseconds, from the Hipparcos catalogue for stars above mag 12, otherwise from the 3rd Gliese catalogue.
  • Column 11: The approximate error in the parallax in milli-arcseconds.
  • Column 12: The distance in light years (=3.2616/parallax).
  • Column 13: Separation between components in the system. For example, 'AB:23 AU' means that the distance between star A and B is 23 astronomical units.

External Links Edit